Shivaji maharaj history in english
Shivaji’s name is counted among the best generals in Indian history. He was born in a normal family; But on the strength of his intelligence, valor and courage, he established the Maratha Empire and competed with the greatest power of that time, the Mughal Empire. Shivaji stood up as a rebel against the tyrannical Mughal rule of that time.
Because of this, the people of the country also respect him as a national leader. Shivaji’s father Shahaji was a feudatory of the Bijapur court and Shivaji’s mother Jijabai was a very pious woman. Whatever Shivaji became, most of the credit goes to his mother. Jijabai had narrated many tales of valor in her childhood and filled the spirit of courage in Shivaji’s mind.
Shivaji had learned all the skills that a Kshatriya boy should have learned to ride, sword and spear, etc. When Shivani was still a child, he used to play the games of winning rots and forts. He had gathered many companions and had prepared a small army for them. Once with the help of these companions, he really took control of some forts of Bijapur state in the game itself.
In return the Nawab of Bijapur imprisoned his father Shahaji. Shivaji had to return those forts to free his father from captivity. After some time he turned to the Mughal Empire and started capturing their forts. Due to this, both the Mughal emperor of Delhi and the Sultan of Bijapur became his opponents and started thinking of ways to crush Shivaji.
One by one, Shivaji had captured many forts and established his own small kingdom. The Sultan of Bijapur sent a general named Afzal Khan to suppress Shivaji. Afzal Khan was a very arrogant and cunning commander. He tried to imprison him by deceit by discussing a treaty with Shivaji.
It was decided that Shivaji and Afzal Khan would meet in a tent and decide the terms of the treaty here. Shivaji was careful and prepared that the enemy might deceive him. Afzal Khan tried to suppress Shivaji on the side as soon as he met and when he could not control, he attacked him with a sword.
The sword hit the head, but Shivaji was wearing an iron bridle on his head. Because of that they were saved. Then they caught Afzal Khan and ripped off his stomach. After that Shivaji’s army plundered Afzal Khan’s army and set the tents on fire. Bijapur never had the guts to face Shivaji in the army again.
Due to the success of Pishwaji, the emperor of Delhi, Aurangzeb was very worried. He sent his uncle Shaista Khan to defeat Shivaji by giving a large army. Raja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur was also with this army. The Mughal army was very large. Progressing slowly, he captured many forts of Pishwaji.
The capital of Shivaji was Poona. Shaista Khan also captured Poona. After some time Shaista Khan became worried and started living comfortably in Poona. One day during the night Shivaji and his soldiers entered outside, pretending to be a procession. At midnight, while everyone was sleeping,
Shivaji and his soldiers stormed the palace where Shaista was eating. Shaista Khan could barely escape with his life. Thousands of Mughal soldiers were killed in that night’s battle. Shaista Khan had to return. After this Aurangzeb sent Raja Jai Singh of Jaipur to fight against Shivaji. Jai Singh explained to Shivaji that there is no point in fighting Aurangzeb at this time.
It is good that you also come to the Mughal court by becoming a feudatory of Aurangzeb and then all of us together will be able to put pressure on Aurangzeb. Shivaji got ready. They went to Delhi. But Aurangzeb made him a five-thousand-man sabdar. Shivani considered this as an insult and said some bitter words to Aurangzeb.
On this he was placed under house arrest in his house. At that time Shivaji made a move. He further spread the news of his very ill health. After a few days the news of his recovery spread and the happiness of being healthy started sending baskets of sweets to his favorite friends. In the end, Shivaji escaped from Aurangzeb’s captivity with his son Sambhaji, sitting in such sweet baskets in the evening.
For some days, he traveled in the guise of a monk and finally after reaching Maharashtra, he again started fighting against the Mughals. This battle did not end again until the Marathas captured the whole of Delhi. By establishing his kingdom, Shivaji did his coronation properly.
It is said that many Brahmin pundits refused to get him anointed, but in the end a Brahmin priest got him coronated and he became famous as Chhatrapati Shivaji. Shivaji was very brave and courageous, this is evident from his victories and successes. But his greatest importance is because he started a new art of warfare in India.
Before Shivaji, the Rajput people had understood that showing courage in war is a sign of cowardice, so even if one’s own strength is less and the enemy’s strength is more, still the greatest bravery is to die fighting in battle. But Shivaji understood that the ultimate aim of war was victory; Gallantry is not an objective in itself. Therefore, seeing the enemy inattentive, he should attack him, but if his power is less than him, then he should withdraw from the war and find a new method of attack.
This guerilla war was the biggest reason for Shivaji’s success. When the Mughal army went to fight with Shivaji, Shivaji’s army was nowhere to be seen. And then suddenly during the night or at any time, being inattentive, she would attack the Mughals, plundered the logistics and then went away like a storm.
Shivaji was not only a brave warrior, but also a skilled ruler. After his coronation, he carried out the work of his rule very efficiently, due to which the Maratha Empire became more and more powerful even after his death. If the wisdom of governance and organization was not in him, his success would have ended with his death.
Vishwaji was also an art lover and an art connoisseur. The famous Hindi poet Bhushan lived in Shivaji’s ashram and Shivaji respected him a lot. Reading Bhushan’s poems it becomes clear that Shivaji was fighting to oppose the atrocities committed by Aurangzeb on Hindus.
No matter how strong his desire to increase his personal empire was, but his great aim was also to strengthen the Hindu power against the opposition of the Mughals and he got success in this objective. Shivaji did not get success due to cable valor and fighting skills, but he was also a diplomat of a high order.
He used to partly join his knuckles to the Hindu kings whom Paurangzeb sent against him to rot. His spies used to bring the news of every movement of the enemy to him. The whole of Maharashtra was a foreign country for the Mughals and all the residents there happily used to work as a spy for Shisji. Born in a simple family, the brave warriors who established a big empire were not many in history.
Apart from Alexander, Napoleon and Hitler, there must have been few successful warriors who can be compared with Shivaji. The importance of Shivaji’s success becomes even greater because the forces he fought were not weak or backward military powers, but they were the greatest and most advanced powers of the world at that time. That is why the name of Shivaji is written in golden letters in Indian history.
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