Mr. Chandrasekhar Banquet Raman biography
Among the meritorious great men of India who have spread the fame of their country far and wide abroad, the name of Shri Chandrashekhar Bankut Raman is particularly noteworthy. Just as Swami Vivekananda and Aurobindo in the field of spirituality, Rabindranath in the field of poetry and Mahatma Gandhi in the field of politics hoisted the glory of India all over the world, in the same way in the field of science the first person to brighten the name of India.
Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman and Acharya Jagadishchandra Bose. The importance of their success is even more because India was considered very backward in the field of science and the opportunities to advance in this field were negligible here. Sri Raman was born in a middle-class academic family.
His father was a professor in Shri Chandrashekhar Iyer College. He had great interest in mathematics, physics, astronomy and music. In Sri Raman too, the passion for these arts and sciences arose because of his father. Sri Raman’s mother Mrs Parvati Ammal was a very patient and determined woman.
The child Raman was born in this family on 7th November, 1888. Under the supervision of the parents, the natural talent of the child could be developed very well. Even before the age of twelve, the boy Raman passed the matriculation and entered the college. Even though he was the youngest in his class, his knowledge was slightly higher than that of other students. Because of this he became a favorite student of his professors.
While studying in college, Mr. Raman was earlier inclined towards mathematics and science. After some time she was influenced by Mrs. Annie Besant’s Theosophy. For some time, his interest was also towards religious literature, but in the end he could again turn away from science. For being the first in physics in V.A., he was awarded ‘Parni Gold Medal’. Enthused by this, he decided to continue the study of physics even further.
While studying in the college, Shri Raman had discovered some such new things in the field of science which were surprising. Many of his articles related to this type of research were also published in foreign monthly papers. This increased his enthusiasm even more. He was the first student to pass M.A. in first class with a science subject at the University of Madras.
Mr. Raman’s teacher Professor Jones was very pleased with him and recommended Mr. Raman to get a scholarship to study science in England. Sri Raman was very pleased to have received this supavasar. But before boarding the ship, the doctor declared him unfit to go abroad, as he was very poor and weak.
The doctor also said that the very cold climate of England could prove to be injurious to his health. This greatly disappointed Mr. Raman. Not seeing the way to progress in the field of science, Shri Raman sat in the All India Finance-competitive examination and on the strength of his talent and hard work, passed first in it.
At this time he was only 15 years old. Due to passing in this examination, he was appointed to the post of Deputy Accountant General in the Finance Department in Calcutta. After this they got married and for a few days the vehicle of life continued on the normal track. But his passion for science did not end completely.
One day while on the road, he saw a signboard of the Indian Association for the Development of Science. He went and met the minister of this union and got permission that he could do his tests in the laboratory of the union in his spare time. Thus, after working in the office all day, he spent the rest of his time in science tests.
By writing down the details of their tests and the conclusions drawn from them, they sent them to journals and other eminent scientists. In no time, he was counted among the skilled scientists. Now a difficulty was that he was transferred from Calcutta to Rangoon and the laboratory facilities which were there in Calcutta were no longer in Rangoon.
But in 1911 he again returned to Calcutta and continued to engage in his trials in the same manner. The College of Science was opened by the University of Calcutta in 1916. Ashutosh Mukherjee was the Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University in those days. He was acquainted with Mr. Raman and wanted Mr. Raman to be appointed as Professor of Science in this college somehow.
But the difficulty was that Mr. Raman could not get the same salary as the Deputy Accountant General in the college. At that time Mr. Raman accepted to become Professor of Science at a low salary, leaving the higher salary. Still a difficulty arose. A huge amount of money was given by Shri Tarrunath Palit for the establishment of Science College.
They had made a condition that the professor of science should be appointed only by the person who had received science education abroad. Mr. Raman had neither received education abroad, nor was he ready to go abroad to fulfill this condition. In the end, without fulfilling this condition, Mr. Raman was appointed Professor of Science in the college.
On reaching the college, Mr. Raman got a job of his own interest. Now he started devoting all his time to the discoveries of science. He made many new inventions in relation to light and sound. These resulted in a radical change in many earlier notions. Sri Raman was the first to unveil the mystery as to why the sky appears blue and why the giant ice-pools floating in the sea appear blue.
The greatest discovery he made in this area is called the ‘Raman Effect’. For this ‘Raman-effect’ he received the Nobel Prize, the world’s biggest prize, in 1630. Shri Raman did research in many areas of science. He also discovered that an electrical fluid exists in metals. He keeps on moving continuously and due to this motion the rays of light enter even inside the solid metals.
Many of his such discoveries were published in the form of magazines and books by Shri Raman, due to which his pakism sat in the whole world. The result of the spread of the fame of Shri Raman was that the universities of all the countries of the world started receiving invitations to give speeches to him.
Shri Raman has traveled to many countries in connection with these speeches. In 1926 he was elected President of the Indian Science Congress. The Royal Society of England made him their ‘Flow’, which is a great honour. He was also given the title of ‘Knight’ in the same year.
After completing his tenure in Science College, Mr. Raman took over the work of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and is currently doing it with great competence. The Government of India has honored you with the title of ‘Padma Vibhushan’ for your services. Even after getting so much fame and respect, Shri Raman is a very simple and saintly person.
You lead an ideal life like a true priest of Saraswati. The gem-kanchan combination of statue and hard work is visible in you, it is rare in the world. The credit of his success is not less to his hard work than to his talent. Is it not surprising that a person who was barred from going abroad due to ill health, worked so hard for such a long period of time to achieve such great success in life?
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