Essay on mahatma gandhi – birth, education, profession, life work and death

Essay on mahatma GandhiMahatma Gandhi is such a person, with whom the whole world is familiar. Mahatma Gandhi devoted his entire life to the freedom of India and the welfare of the people. So friends, in today’s article we will read on Mahatma Gandhi essay and discuss about Gandhiji’s birth, occupation, education, title and his death.

 

Essay on mahatma gandhi - birth, education, profession, life work and death

Mahatma Gandhi essay 

Among the great men of India who raised the country’s head in the world in the twentieth century, the names of Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore deserve to be written in golden letters. Gandhi’s contribution to the world is incomparable not only from the political point of view but also from the religious and moral point of view.

Following the principles of truth and non-violence, he had raised his life to such a high that he could be compared with Mahatma Buddha and Mahatma Jesus. Paying tribute to his death, the world-renowned scientist Albert Einstein said that “after some time it will be difficult for people to even believe that at some point there was really such a great man alive on earth.”

“Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Karamchand was his father’s name and Gandhi was his caste. The word Gandhi appears to be an apocalyptic form of Gandhi. It seems that his ancestors may have been trading in perfumes etc. at some point in time.

Gandhiji was born in Porbandar on October 2, 1866. His early education took place in Porbandar itself. Gandhiji was deeply influenced by his mother’s modesty. When Gandhiji grew up, it was decided that he should undergo variety.

Gandhiji’s father was the Diwan of the princely state of Rajkot. Therefore, he wanted his son to be educated well. In those days, practicing law by passing a barrister was considered the most profitable and prestigious profession. But Gandhiji’s mother did not want to send him abroad.

She believed that by going abroad, the conduct of the youth was corrupted. Gandhiji took a vow before her to get the mother’s permission that “I am free from mercury, meat and incest in foreign countries.” I will stay away “He kept his promise while in England with great ease and honesty.

Gandhiji came to India with the title of Barrister from England, but the profession of advocacy was not favorable to his mind. It is difficult to work in this profession without speaking untruth and Gandhiji had decided to stick to the truth since childhood.

Gandhiji did not get success in the court and he left the profession of law. In those days Gandhiji had to go to South Africa to settle a case of a business organization. The case for which Gandhi had gone to South Africa was settled by agreement. But going there, the direction of his life had turned.

A large number of Indians lived in South Africa. These Indians were brought here at some point of time according to the terms of an agreement to do wages. That is why they were called ‘Girmitia’. White people treated these Indians worse than animals, and those Indians used to bear all that humiliation and stigma with their heads bowed.

Gandhiji did not accept to bow down in front of such misbehavior. Once in the court he was asked to remove his turban. Gandhiji agreed to leave the court but did not remove the turban. Thus by rebelling against injustice, he aroused a new consciousness among Indians.

Although Gandhiji would have returned to India soon, but seeing the plight of the Indians, he decided to stay in Africa. He founded the Natal Indian Congress in 1814, which started the struggle for the rights of Indians. After running the movement in Africa for two years, Gandhiji found India.

The purpose of his arrival was to make Indians aware of the condition of the Indians of South Africa. Staying in India for 6 months, he preached all over the country and after that he returned to Afoka with 200 Indians. By this time the government of Africa had become conscious.

The anger of white people against Indians and especially against Gandhiji had flared up. At first, for 23 days, the government of Africa did not allow those Indians to disembark from the ship and when they were allowed to land, the whites attacked Gandhi and it was only a matter of coincidence that Gandhiji’s life was saved that day.

While living in South Africa, Gandhiji started opposing the government with new methods of Satyagraha and non-cooperation. To stick to the truth, not to follow unjust laws, and not to cooperate with the unjust government was his new wisdom.

He said that if we do not have any hatred against the enemy, then we can win his heart and make him our friend. In South Africa, Gandhiji got immense success through Satyagraha. An agreement was reached between Gandhiji and General Smuts, by which Indians were given a lot of rights. In 1615, Gandhiji entered politics here in India.

He started using non-violence and satyagraha with which he had achieved success in Africa, to make India independent. The first Satyagraha movement started in 1920. But till that time people had not fully understood the principles of Gandhiji. In a village named Chauri-Chaura, there was a violent disturbance in the chain of Satyagraha.

Gandhiji, who was a true proponent of non-violence, postponed Satyagraha until the people learned to practice non-violence. For ten years, Gandhiji kept on preparing a suitable atmosphere for Satyagraha by campaigning in the country.

Satyagraha was started again in 1930 and this time the government had to bow down. A Round Table Conference was convened in London for a settlement, but to no avail. Gandhiji was arrested by the government on his return to India. Gandhiji made the freedom movement a people’s movement.

Before them, the fight for independence was either in the hands of the leaders sitting on the chairs or in the hands of the terrorists who tried to overthrow the ruling power by violent action.

But under the leadership of Gandhiji, all the workers and farmers of the country agreed to participate in this fight. The government made a declaration called the ‘Sampradachik Decision’ to separate the untouchable class from the Hindus.

Due to which the untouchables were given separate rights in elections. Gandhiji took a 21-day fast in protest against this decision and got this decision changed in some parts. The time from 1930 to 1936 was spent in the creative program. In 1636 the Second World War broke out.

In the First World War, Gandhiji had helped the British with the hope that India would be made independent after the war. But after the First World War, the government started repression in India by making even more stringent laws. Therefore, when the Second World War broke out, Gandhiji refused to help the British until they made India independent.

In 1942, Gandhiji raised the slogan ‘Quit India’ and started a nationwide movement against the British. The government strongly suppressed this movement. The political situation in the world changed a lot at the end of World War II.

Before the war, Britain, which was considered the biggest power in the world, has now come down to number three. Strong political consciousness was awakened in India due to the ‘Quit India’ movement of 1942 and the sacrifice of the Azad Hind Army.

The army, air force, navy  and even the police went on strikes. The British considered their welfare in leaving India and in 1947 they left, dividing the country into two pieces, India and Pakistan. During the partition of the country, there was a terrible massacre from place to place.

Gandhiji, a priest of non-violence, felt very sad about this. He traveled on foot to establish peace in Nopakhali and he also went on a fast unto death to stop the riots in Delhi. Gandhiji’s attitude was towards satisfying the Muslims throughout his life.

Perhaps they thought that Muslims, being a minority, should get the same treatment from Hindus as a younger brother would get from an elder brother. Perhaps they thought that Muslims, being a minority, should get the same treatment from Hindus as a younger brother would get from an elder brother.

Many people were upset and annoyed by this attitude of his. One day, on the evening of January 30, 1648, when he reached his prayer meeting, a man named Nathuram Godse shot and killed him with three pistols. The biggest feature of Gandhi’s character is the rebellion against injustice.

Although in terms of physical strength, Gandhiji was quite modest and in his childhood he was also very submissive and unapproachable, yet his morale was extraordinary. To fight for the truth and to stick to it even in the face of fear of life was the biggest feature of Gandhiji which brought him into the rank of the greatest great men of the world.

He adopted the principles of truth and non-violence. He used them not only in personal life but also in politics and he was probably the first politician who said that the principles of life and politics should not be separate. If truth is important in personal life, then it should be equally important in politics.

Many people are of the view that Gandhi’s non-violence was a political ploy. Because the subordinate country could not resist the Nipastrava and the most powerful British power with arms, Gandhiji adopted the path of non-violence.

This may be partly correct, yet it has to be recognized that the practice of such non-violence requires more courage than for a violent war. Gandhiji tried to show the way to the people not only in politics but in all walks of life. He had become a saint; He used to spend a lot of time in the service of the poor and the sick.

He did a lot of work to improve the condition of the villages, to educate women and to give equal rights to the castes considered untouchables as the upper-caste Hindus. The biggest injury he inflicted on the British was the Swadeshi Movement. His statement was that we should treat only the things made in the country.

As a result, the work in the Lanka Shire and Manchester mills came to a standstill. Bankt Raman 71 Gandhiji was also a master writer. He wrote many books. He also used to bring out weekly papers called Harijans and ‘Harijan-Sevaks’. Before that, he had also brought out a letter called ‘Young India’.

His language was simple and comprehensible and his style of rendering was very impressive. Despite being so great, Gandhiji considered himself a failure. The country got independence during his life, which should have given him great satisfaction, But he could not establish unity between Hindus and Muslims.

The partition of the country took place against them. His Khadi and Swadeshi movements came to an end with the attainment of independence. But from all this, it is known that Gandhiji’s goals and ideals were even higher. Gandhiji laid such a new ideology in front of not only India but the whole world, due to which he will be eternally immortal.

 

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