2000 Word essay on education system in india

 

2000 Word essay on education system in india

The education system in india essay

Indian education system In very ancient times, India was the center of glory and learning in the whole world. People from far and wide parts of the world used to come to India to get education. The world’s oldest book, the Rigveda, was also composed in India.

Taxila was the largest and most famous university in the world during the Mauryan period. Even after that, the fame of Nalanda and Vikramshisa was not only in this country but also in foreign countries in the late period and the learners used to find them there by enduring many obstacles.

Many scholars from India also; Preachers and preachers used to go to other countries. Ever since the invasion of foreign Shakas and Huns started on India, along with the decline of political power in the country, education also started declining. The development of both Vidya and Lakshmi can take place only in peace time.

When the Muslim invaders from the west gradually started to establish and expand their dominion over India, then the learning centers of India also gradually went on decaying. The attacking Muslims were self-trained and had a great passion for religion. It is written in history that the conquering Muslims burnt many libraries to ashes.

In that era , when there were no presses and books were painstakingly written by hand , this overabundance of libraries was too great for the country . The shock that the country’s education and education got at that time, it could not fully recover from it. In ancient times, gurus used to teach their disciples.

The position of the guru was very high and the students used to study in his parishram like his sons. Education was free. Later on, when big universities were built, those universities also got a lot of financial help from the kings. Not only the scriptures were taught, but the education of Ayurveda and astrology was also present.

But there was no systematic system of education during the Mughal period. Whatever little education was there, it was confined only to the study of religious texts. At that time, books were not accessible like today, so the number of people reading it was very less.

Most of the people were engaged in the work of earning their livelihood only after being trained. After the establishment of the British rule in India, a new chapter of Indian education started. The British started educating the people here. He had a clear and definite objective in front of him.

They did not understand the dialect here, but the country had come under their control and they had to rule over it. Therefore it was necessary that they should teach their language to some people and through them run the work of governance of the country. In short, he started to prepare education clerks.

It was enough for these boys to learn the English language and the mathematics used in the office. This type of education was promoted very quickly in the country, because after getting this type of education, job was easily available, which was a great temptation.

Another objective of the British rulers in imparting this type of English education was that they could degrade the Indian culture and traditions in comparison to the culture and traditions of their country. They began to teach history and civics in a manner that impressed the students that there was nothing good in India before the arrival of the British; The people here were rude and barbaric; and that the history of England is much brighter than theirs.

The result was natural that those who graduated from such educational institutions should consider themselves inferior to the British rulers and take pride in being their humble servants. As political consciousness began to rise in the country, the attention of the leaders of Dega was drawn towards the flaws of this anti-national education. He observed that in the name of education, students were taught to write and speak only English.

In Indian education system, the medium of instruction of all subjects was kept in English language and students used to spend so many years in learning English that they did not get the opportunity to get real knowledge through it.

It used to be so inevitable that these people who claimed to be educated after learning to read and write English, dressed like English dungeons, imitated the English language, and lost their ancestors in the English language. Learned like that. Initially this type of education, though not very accessible, was not very rare.

But with the passage of time, this education became expensive and it became possible to get it only for the people living in the city. The only solution for the students living in the village was to come and stay in the city if they wanted to get an education.

In view of these defects, many social and political leaders made efforts to reform the education system. Mahatma Munshi Ram, whose name later became famous as Swami Shraddhanand, founded Gurukul Kangri around 1860. In this he emphasized on two aspects.

The first thing is that the education of the students should be done through the language of their country i.e. Hindi, all the subjects should be taught in Hindi and secondly, a sense of pride should be inculcated among the students about the history and culture of their country.

For this study of Sanskrit literature in Gurukul was made compulsory. Today these principles have been accepted all over the country. As long as people continued to get jobs by getting English education in the old English, that system, despite being corrupted, continued to attract students to itself.

But soon a time came when the number of writings lying was so high that it was difficult for the government to give them jobs. Due to this, ignorance spread among the educated class. In that education, the only way to earn a living was a job. In the event of not getting a job, the condition of a person who passed B.A. used to be like that of a bird.

It was not possible for them to work hard by reading and writing or by doing any other art-skill. This matter got the attention of Mahatma Gandhi. He observed that not only is that education very expensive, but it also paralyzes the student. Takes away his confidence.

Therefore Gandhiji made his own new rain education scheme, which was later named ‘Basic Talim’ or ‘Vesik Shiksha’. The basic principle of basic education is that education should not be merely bookish, but it should be closely related to life.

Education should be given to the student on the basis of the circumstances in which he lives and the environment in which he has to spend his life. Along with studies, some industry-trade, craft or art-skill should also be taught, by which the student can earn his livelihood after completing studies.

One of the objectives in imparting art-skill education was that it would make education affordable. Much of the expenditure on education will come out of the goods produced by those industries and art-skills. Even before independence, the educationists of the country had accepted that education should be given to Vasak through his mother tongue.

To put the burden of a foreign language on the student’s head is to put obstacles in the way of his attainment of knowledge. For a long time there was confusion in the minds of the people regarding the purpose of education and it still remains so.

Educationists understand that the purpose of education is to develop the mind of the individual; Education sharpens the intellect of man and expands his field of knowledge. Makes him fearless and self-dependent. But most of the students and the parents of the girl students understand that the sole purpose of education is that by getting education, a person can become capable of earning money by doing a job.

In fact, the truth is that education should be such that it also develops the mind of man on the one hand and on the other hand enables him to stand on his own feet by earning his livelihood.

That is why nowadays, along with the education of art and literature, the training of living (professions) has also been considered as an essential part of education. After the independence of the country, a lot of effort has been made to improve the education system of the country.

A number of committees and commissions have been set up and their recommendations have been implemented to closely examine the existing defects in the education system and suggest measures to rectify them. The major flaws in today’s education are: Education is expensive.

An ordinary person cannot give higher education to his child. The attention of the students is less towards studies and more towards the fuss. There are many holidays in the schools, due to which the attention of the students is not able to concentrate on the studies.

The relationship between teachers and students is very loose. Don’t give due respect to good teachers. There is a great lack of discipline among the students. They are seen not only copying or striking in examinations, but are also found raising their hands on teachers many times.

Some incidents have even happened to the teachers by the students. Today’s education system is also very corrupt, in which full attention is not paid to the student’s study throughout the year, but at the end of the year, a student who takes 33 percent marks is also declared passed.

Efforts are being made to remove all these defects. First of all efforts have been made to improve the condition of teachers. The salaries of teachers have been increased so that they do not have to deal with tuitions that bring down their pride. Apart from increasing the salary, the President is also trying to increase the honor of the teachers by giving them respect.

Elementary education has been made free and efforts are being made to make education compulsory for boys and girls of a certain age. Evening colleges are being opened for those who want to get higher education while doing jobs. There are also plans to open such schools, where trained laborers can get education in the evening.

It has also been accepted in principle that the primary education should be in the mother tongue or Hindi and the burden of any foreign language should not be passed on to the student before the sixth grade. The problem of educating all the people of the country is a big problem.

Its solution can be really only when people with maximum ability prefer to pursue education in the field. That can happen only when teachers in the education sector start getting the same salary as in other areas. Our government has realized this very well and is committed to all-around reform of the education system. Because democracy cannot survive unless all its citizens are well educated.

 

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