What is adverb?
According to grammar that an Adverb is a word that modifies every Part of Speech except a Noun, Pronoun and Interjection.
(a) Kavita reads slowly. ( modifies Verb )
( b ) Bobby reads in a very loud voice . ( modifies adjective )
(c) Parul reads quite well. ( modifies Adverb )
types of adverbs
There are three types of Adverb:
- Simple Adverb
- Relative Adverb
- Interrogative Adverb
Simple Adverb gives sense of time, place, number or frequency, manner, reason, magnitude, acceptance or negation. There are seven differences between them.
(a) Adverbs of Manner which show how
1. The bride walks gracefully.
2. The shepherd shouted loudly for help.
3. You do your work carefully.
Remember: Adverbs formed from Adjectives which end in ly are often called Adverbs of Manner.
- Following are the main adverbs showing Manners’.
thus , so , well , ill , badly , gladly , quickly , certainly etc.
(b) Adverbs of Time, which show when
1. She had already done it.
2. Soon after you left he arrived.
- Following are the main adverbs indicating ‘time’.
after , ago , early , late , now , then , soon , today , tomorrow , recently , shortly . immediately , afterwards etc.
(c) Adverbs of Place which show where
1. The police could find him nowhere .
2. March forward, my countrymen.
- The main adverbs indicating ‘ place ‘ are: here , there , in , out, up , down , within , without , above , below , inside , outside , far , near , away , anywhere , everywhere , backward etc.
(d) Adverbs of Frequency or Number ‘ which show how often
1. I can never do so.
2. She seldom goes out at night.
3. She often comes to see me.
The main adverbs indicating frequency are the following: once, twice, thrice, always, never, seldom, often, frequently, secondly, thirdly, magain, etc.
(e) Adverbs of Degree which show how much
1. Her information is absolutely true.
2. The job is almost complete.
The main adverbs indicating degree are the following: very , much , more , too , quite , little , rather , partly , fully , wholly , so , any , enough pretty , as , almost etc.
( f ) Adverbs of Reason which show why
1. She failed because she did not work hard.
2. He cannot face me since he has cheated me.
Following are the main adverbs showing reason : So , hence , therefore , on account of consequently .
( g ) 1. Adverbs of Affirmation
1. She will truly help you.
2 . You will surely repay my loan.
Following are the main adverbs showing ‘Affirmation’: Yes, surely, certainly, truly etc.
2. Adverbs of Negation
1. She did not reply to my letter.
2. I have never cheated anybody.
Following are the main adverbs showing ‘ Negation ‘ No , not , nay , never etc.
Relative Adverb connects two sentences. Its antecedent (pre-used Noun or Pronoun) time , place , reason a manner and Relative Adverbs – When a Where . Why s How.
1. Please tell me the time when you get up every morning.
2. This is the place where Gandhiji was shot dead.
3. This is the reason why she was late.
4. He knows the way how a car is driven.
Remember: Relative Adverb comes between two sentences and the noun that precedes it is its antecedent.
Interrogative Adverbs – Why , when , where , how far , how many , how much . how long , how often .
1. Why are you so sad?
2. How are you feeling these days ?
3. Where has Sarita gone ?
4. When do you stop working at night ?